School fundraisers: Forget the wrapping paper! Just write us a check!

Our school has finally gotten a clue that it would receive a greater portion of the profits (100 percent) by just asking parents to donate money versus receiving about 40 percent when they sell gift wrap or cookie dough or other products.  (I think this is because our PTA president is a CPA!)

They are asking for parents to donate at least $50 but say they are happy to accept any amount.  The donations are tax deductible. (We ran a story this summer about New York schools doing this to supplement their budgets, and raising millions of dollars.)

The classes and kids that donate the most still get prizes.

They got a printing company to donate the printing a wonderful brochure explaining it all.

I personally prefer this method to selling stuff. I hated asking people to buy stuff from my kids. The only exception has been Girl Scout cookies. People actually want that. I preferred the Boosterthon to selling stuff because at least it promoted fitness but you still had to ask neighbors for money and the school still didn’t get 100 percent.

The school will receive a greater percentage of the money but the question will they make more just asking for the checks? I will be very interested to see how it turns out, as will the PTA I am sure.

Is your school dropping the fundraising guises in favor of just asking for straight-up checks and keeping all the money instead of just part of it?

Would you rather write a check then deal with selling stuff or buying stuff?

62 comments Add your comment

A

September 10th, 2012
6:25 am

Our Fulton school finally got a clue and dropped that horrible Boosterthon fundraiser in the fall. However, I’m not sure pure checkwriting will make up the difference. I certainly don’t mind stepping up with supplies and anything teachers need and ask for throughout the year, but when the PTA letter says they are hoping for $125 per family (apparently the average brought in under Boosterthon), that leaves a bad taste to me. They do say any amount is fine, but to start off with a number above $100 will likely not go over well with all families. We will wait until closer to the deadline and then maybe give $25, no more. We donate extra school supplies to homeroom and other places within the school as needed, and I’ve already given a couple of Target gift cards to my child’s teacher. So as I said, I’m happy to contribute, but I don’t know if asking for so much cash is effective and will meet the school’s goals.

Momcat

September 10th, 2012
6:36 am

That horrible Boosterthon was dropped in our school too. I will give money gladly. At our school Boosterthon kept 52% of money the kids earned. And my kids cried almost every night due to the daily pressure in the classroom. Yep… I will gladly write the check. So much less drama.

catlady

September 10th, 2012
6:53 am

I wish our PTA would drop the fundraising. However, if they asked parents to send a check they might get $100, total (from a 630 student school, 75% free lunch)

It is disgusting for schools to have to prostitute themselves for money to run. Perhaps in some areas the PTA money pays for luxuries, but not here.

Gwinnett Parent

September 10th, 2012
7:19 am

I agree, a tax deductible donation is better than selling unwanted junk. However, awarding prizes for highest dollar amount or recommending a certain amount in a tax payer funded school has its downside. A prize for an actual achievement is great, while a prize because your parents have more money is shameful. The kids cannot help it if their parents are unemployed or gainfully employed as CPAs. Also, we need to question why our public schools are fundraising. In My kid’s school the students are raising money for special teacher training, whiteboards, and document cameras. All of these should be in our almost billion dollar budget. Oh I forgot, we need to pay for 3 secretaries and 3 Assist. Princ., several counselors, reading coaches, math coaches, and speech therapists. When I went to school fundraisers were for the students ‘ personal wants, such as prom, field trips, or clubs.
Then again, we had one principal, one assis. Princ., 1 counselor, and 1 secretary ( same size school).

Dennis

September 10th, 2012
7:24 am

We had a neighbor come to our door asking us to support the cheerleading team for the local high school. Their fundraiser was selling a couple of plastic cups with sports team logos for ~$20.

If they had just asked for a $5 donation it would have been easier to say yes.

It’s easier to get people to chip in a couple of dollars versus asking them to spend $20 on junk.

Democratic Plantation Dweller

September 10th, 2012
7:24 am

It is the government’s responsiblity to provide for all of our earthly needs and wants.

motherjanegoose

September 10th, 2012
7:28 am

I would gladly write a check. I wish you luck getting the $$$.

Some schools have had to drop me from their schedules. I visited a school (near my house) last week. They used to have me come 3 times per year. That is an on site visit for their Kindergarten. I was told, ” We are sorry that we had to drop you to one visit. We cannot get $4 per child to have you back 3 times. Many children do not send in the money. Thus, we cannot pay you.” How can they send in $ for ice cream 3 or 4 times a week but not $4 for three visits per year? It is cheaper to have an on site field trip for less than $2 per visit than to even step on the bus and sit in the parking lot…going no where at all. I am curious to know if the parents will write a check. Keep us posted.

catlady…do not get me started on the FREE luch thing. I have heard WAY to many stories. New ones over the weekend!

Jeff

September 10th, 2012
7:28 am

We’ve passed bonds, referendums, sales tax increases, lotteries, everything under the sun in the name of education and for the children. We are spending at larger amounts than ever before, our international standings are continuing to fall, yet somehow everyone wants to create the perception that we aren’t doing anyhting so we can give them more money.

When are we going to start demanding to know where this money has gone?

We certainly don’t mind demanding to know what private businesses are doing with their money and pass judgement on them for what we think is responsible, but we never seem to hold our public institutions to the same magnifying-glass standard.

Momcat

September 10th, 2012
7:31 am

Almost $2000 of our PTA budget was earmarked to laminate the class roster (could be emailed to
98% parents at no cost) and water bottles for parents on “meet the teacher” night. What a waste. PTA president said that money could not be spent for additional teacher supplies. Yep… I scaled back my donation. I wish more people would get involved. Your eyes would be opened.

motherjanegoose

September 10th, 2012
7:45 am

@ Momcat…I hear you. Often, when people spend other people’s money they are not too frugal. I see this frequently with SNAP cards and was delighted to see they are now accepted at DollarTree. Everything is a Dollar and you can buy all sorts of things to eat. I shop there with my money and do not see why those who use my tax money should not do the same. Our daughter is in a finance class at college and has come home with some interesting stories. The professor appears to be fiscally conservative. I am thrilled. Too bad everyone cannot hear his ideas!

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
7:47 am

Momcat: I too absolutely loathed that moronic Boosterthon. I refused to participate, pulled my kids out of school when they did the run. Our school FINALLY got the clue and is asking for straight donations. Of course, they are still threatening us to hold a fundraiser if they don’t collect enough money. I donated and if they have a fundraiser I will boycott it just like I did the years before. I support the PTA but I won’t be blackmailed and I won’t make my children street peddlers.

Big Mama

September 10th, 2012
8:12 am

Our school already asks for donations for the school foundation. Those funds are used for Promethean (hope I’m spelling that correctly) boards and the like, as well as PE equipment. But the PTA still holds the crappy wrapping paper/candy/cookie dough fundraiser and squanders the proceeds on stupid stuff the school does not need. They could use the money to pay for a teacher appreciation luncheon, field trips, and divide the rest up for classroom supplies. But no, we need silly t-shirts, magnets, and chair covers (?) instead. I especially hate the awarding of prizes. It is very hard to explain to small children that the whole thing is a scam when they are wooed with “spinning soccer ball lamps”. I gladly send a check to the school foundation and would do the same to avoid the fundraising scam.

RJ

September 10th, 2012
8:20 am

@catlady, as I’m with you. If we asked parents to donate money, we might get $150 from everyone. I work in a school where the kids expect us to give them Christmas gifts! It’s 99% free lunch, so that wouldn’t fly here. Now at my kid’s schools, I started writing checks a couple of years ago. I just hate fundraising. I really do. I give $75 per child, I also join the PTA and send in school supplies. I wish my parents did the same. I received no budget, yet I teach 500+ kids every week. I don’t even have a pencil sharpener! I’m done spending my own money this year. I hae a family of my own to raise and it’s getting more expensive to do it every day.

motherjanegoose

September 10th, 2012
8:35 am

RJ…expect and 99% might correlate?

Anyone else read this on Friday’s blog…it was posted September 8 at 4:20:

“Robert Vanderhorst is a high profile, if not the highest profiled attorney in this area. He is out for blood, as usual.”

Not sure it its 100% true but we do not know the credibility of anyone else here…do we? I found it interesting.

[...] Read more. [...]

Mayhem

September 10th, 2012
8:55 am

The football team is selling restaurant cards with freebies here and there, 10-20% off your entire check, etc. I don’t mind paying $20 for that, because so far, with that card, we have saved $25 at various locations.

Techmom

September 10th, 2012
9:00 am

My son’s school doesn’t do any fundraisers… but since we’re all writing checks for tuition, they know parents are willing to pay for other things as well. Fine by me, I hate most fundraisers. We have an athletic booster club and an annual fund and otherwise, you’re pretty much expected to pay for whatever else is needed.

I will say that we’ve found even with Scouts, most people are much more willing to give some cash than buy something. I get frustrated with the kids/teams who stand outside stores simply asking for money but I have found with Scouts, many people won’t buy popcorn (it’s outrageously priced) but they’ll be happy to donate a few bucks. I think they feel like the boys are actually making an effort to sell something (not just begging for money) and so they’re more willing to make a small donation. The Scouts in our area sell a “camp card” which is a discount card for $5 to help them raise money for summer camp and that is a fundraiser that goes over VERY well. There’s actual value in it so I don’t feel bad having my son sell it or evening asking my friends to buy them whereas we stopped selling popcorn after the first year. If it’s not something I would buy, it’s not something I will ask my friends or neighbors to buy.

Producer

September 10th, 2012
9:36 am

Ahhhh, welcome the Entitlement Mentality once again. It’s raising is disgusting head everywhere else why not at Little Chauncy’s school? When I donate money I expect something for my effort in return, cookies, wrapping, paper, restaurant discount cards, but something! Bad, bad way to show kids to raise money.

Mayhem

September 10th, 2012
9:45 am

@Techmom – I will NOT buy anything from the Boy Scouts. I will have NOTHING to do with them. They are homophobic and will not allow gays. I find that very discriminating and will not support anything they do.

Producer

September 10th, 2012
9:45 am

It’s no surprise that as a nation we are so screwed with attitudes like are fostered in our public schools. Dumping all the students’ school supplies in a big pile and dividing them up and passing them out to the kids equally? What the hell is that? Their parents paid for those supplies to THEIR kid, not every other little leech’s parents who don’t bother because they know they are participating in a Collective. It’s sickening!

ABC

September 10th, 2012
9:51 am

@Mayhem, I am with you regarding not supporting the Scouts. Even without their homophobic stance, I would never buy overpriced products from any group.

jarvis

September 10th, 2012
9:53 am

@Producer, you’re very angry. Watch out; an ulser is on the horizon.

Producer

September 10th, 2012
10:03 am

Hate to break it to you, Jarvis, most of America is angry. We’re dying as a nation because of propping up those who do very little or nothing and yet come forward with their hands out demanding something that they have not participated in and damned sure not earned. I’d say that’s grave cause for concern and for throwing down a Pepsid on occasion.

camille

September 10th, 2012
10:10 am

3 years ago, my school asked for a $50 donation and I gladly gave it. I only sell GS cookies.. I don’t like all of the fundrasing.

jarvis

September 10th, 2012
10:17 am

Fear leads to anger. Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.

I’ve seen this before. Let it go. If you don’t, you’re going to end up throwing your friend down a big hole while your second space station is destroyed.

HB

September 10th, 2012
10:33 am

Back in the day, we always had neghbors who would offer donations when approached to buy whatever crap we were selling for the latest fundraiser. Our band director actually gave me grief for not selling the minimum they set for us despite the fact that I collected more donations when I tried to sell them than selling my share of subscriptions would have brought in. I don’t know if simply asking for donations in the first place will work, but I hope so. The only things we ever sold that people actually seemed to want were GS cookies and Krispy Kreme dozens. The Boy Scouts also did well with their Christmas tree pickup every January.

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
10:35 am

HB: I hope to God that asking for straight donations works, because I refuse to force my children to participate in a moronic Boosterthon ever again.

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
10:36 am

@A–I wonder what they intend to do with the $125 per family. If you have 300 families, then they are hoping to raise $35K. I hope there is something to show for it.

SLP

September 10th, 2012
10:37 am

@Gwinnett Parent: Do you really think that the PTA fundraiser pays for the speech therapist at the school? WOW!

I’d rather write the check to the PTA than sell the crap. If the fundraiser is selling decent stuff that isn’t crap, we participate. If the fundraiser is crap, we don’t.

Maude

September 10th, 2012
10:49 am

When my kids were little my Mom always asked ” Can’t I just give the school a check?” Now that I am Grammy I am saying the same time. I donot need any of the over priced stuff they sell. It would be nicer if I could just write a check to the school for $25 and let them keep all of it.

Techmom

September 10th, 2012
10:54 am

@Mayhem – that’s another argument for another day; I was simply giving an example of fundraising and how even when kids are selling ’stuff’, they often times end up with cash donations. I do think you ought to actually talk to someone involved in Scouts before you assume how a couple of sentences written on the national level actually affects the boys and leaders involved on the local level.

Quite frankly, I think public schools squander their resources and wouldn’t give another dime to them or the PTAs who are not held accountable for how they spend money. But that’s my choice in who I support just as much as it’s yours.

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
11:00 am

Techmom: don’t bother try to convince anyone that feels that way about the BSA. All they hear is “anti-gay!!”. The BSA is an amazing organization. Ignore the rants.

And for the record: I am a FLAMING liberal that has two sons in scouting. So there.

Denise

September 10th, 2012
11:23 am

@Producer – send your kids to Marietta Sixth Grade Academy. My Sorority chapter does a school supply drive for the school so when the teachers and kids need supplies it’s all there IN A PILE for teachers to grab. And it’s FREE for EVERYBODY. Parents have to buy some things but there is some lagniappe for the just in case.

It’s called serving the community and making sure needs are met, regardless of whose parents can or cannot afford the supplies. I understand that parents want what they buy to be for their own kids, I really do. But to be ANGRY about it…there are so many other things to get angry about that I can’t see how sharing a pencil even rates.

Only in America...

September 10th, 2012
11:34 am

…The Chicago School System teachers are on strike, but, “Officials said some 140 schools would be open between 8:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. so the children who rely on free meals provided by the school district can eat breakfast and lunch”…

Sarah

September 10th, 2012
11:50 am

Our elementary school doesn’t do fundraisers. They ask that each family join the PTA for a 1 time fee of $60. Works for me because I spent way more than that at our other school who did have fundraisers. The PTA went over their annual budget at the beginning of the year, and they will have something like a 13-thousand dollar surplus… so I can’t complain.

The only thing I liked about fundraisers is that it did seem to get the kids involved and build spirit. Although we never had to sell anything. The fundraisers were a “Boosterathon fun run” where you donate money for each lap run by your student. And they did things like “get your child’s artwork on a mug” type of thing. Never had to sell wrapping paper or anything.

But then again, school should be about acedemics and fundraisers shouldn’t be taking time away from that. In that respect, the one time fee is a great idea.

RJ

September 10th, 2012
12:01 pm

@MJG, that shouldn’t be the case. It’s the first school I’ve worked in like this and all of my public school teaching has been in schools with at least 75% free and reduced lunch.

Me

September 10th, 2012
12:04 pm

YES-I prefer to just write the check!

Ajaylove

September 10th, 2012
1:04 pm

I agree. I prefer to just write a check. Just tell me what you need up front and I’ll send it in to the best of my abilities. Oh and ask for ALL you need up front. Please don’t try to nickel and dime me all year.

Fundraisers are logistical nightmares for the parents–getting everyone the cheap crap they bought and they are not that great for the PTAs either–the companies that sponsor the events make a boat load of money off the schools. At her last school, we offered an option for families to opt out of fundraising and just pay a little above the standard PTA membership fee.

The new school is doing Boosterthon, it seemed okay to me, kind of like Heart Walk or March of Dimes, but I’m seeing a lot of parents complainging about it here. What’s the deal??

Momcat

September 10th, 2012
1:22 pm

Ajaylove…
Here is an Alpharetta Blog on Bosterthon. Over 300 posts…
http://www.topix.com/forum/city/alpharetta-ga/TVBT0QPP6DL4FM3BN
Boosterthon was not invited back to our school after many parent complaints. It is my understanding, their fee is 52% of all money earned by the kids collecting pledges. I also believe they require a $2000 signing fee…in addition to the 52%. What I found disturbing, is the Boosterthon Team interrupted my child’s classroom daily..with a pump up speech and prize distribution. My kids CRIED every night for the 9 days this program lasted. If I knew then what I know now, I would have pulled my kids out of class. I can’t believe my school allowed this to happen. It was all about $$$. They did not come back. Please ask questions.

A

September 10th, 2012
1:45 pm

@Momcat, thanks for that blog link about Boosterthon. It looks like many PTAs have woken up and smelled the fact that they were being robbed of half of all donations by this total scam of an organization. Now that I think about it, maybe I should chip in a bit more for the checkwriting as a way of showing my gratitude that Boosterthon was abolished and our school will get 100% of funds. BTW, the fundraising is for “technology” in the classrooms.

  

September 10th, 2012
2:09 pm

They are homophobic and will not allow gays. I find that very discriminating and will not support anything they do.

Drama, much?

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
2:18 pm

The boosterthoon is the most GIGANTIC scam in the history of fundraising:

1. They take LOTS of time away from the class. They start with a one hour “pep-rally”, then they come into the classroom every single freakin day for 9 days to pump the kids up into an emotional frenzy, pit the kids against one another to see who pledged the most money, distribute prizes and make everyone that doesn’t participate feel like crap. My children too cried every day because I refused to be blackmailed into something so moronic. And after ALL THAT, they take half a day off academic time for the actual run. All in all, I calculated at least one day, possibly two, of instruction time lost over a period of two weeks.

2. For this dubious privilege, they keep 52% of the funds raised. That’s over HALF.

3. Selling crap is hard enough, but this is even WORSE. Whoever your kid conned into pledging isn’t even getting a crappy product to show for it AND half of that money is going to some scamtastic for profit company,

I am beyond glad my PTA wised up to this and now they ask for a check. I will GLADLY write a check for whatever (reasonable) amount you think you need to run the PTA properly and benefit the school. I don’t expect my taxes to pay for everything my child “uses” in the education system, and I am more than happy to donate what is needed. But I will be damned if I ever again let a for-profit company make my children feel like crap and take away half of their funds.

FCM

September 10th, 2012
2:19 pm

Our PTA is doing that

Unfortunately the Orchestra is still selling those cheesecakes and crap (they did not even taste good!) for their fundraiser. They will gladly accept checks, but will not count it toward the fundraiser goals of your child.

Oh, well. I decided to not write a check to Orchestra at all or buy anything. I gave my daughter the top prize the highest seller (b/c she was last year but then the food had to b store in my freezer for months, and we still have some!!!) and told we were done.

Tiger Ochocinco Johnson Cougar Mellencamp

September 10th, 2012
2:31 pm

those cpa’s are a smart bunch.

malleesmom

September 10th, 2012
2:45 pm

I would prefer to write a check and eliminate the fundraisers. I also agree w/ one check, no more nickle/dime throughout the year. Ask for what you want in the beginning of the year and be done. JMO

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
2:48 pm

Not a Boosterthon fan but the 52% they keep is actually a respectable number. In the world of school fundraising opportunities, most companies keep 60%. Sally Foster and cookie dough come to mind.

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
3:07 pm

TWG–My comment from around 10:00 didn’t publish? Did I say something wrong?

Warrior Woman

September 10th, 2012
3:48 pm

We have not participated in PTA or PTSA for years. I stopped purchasing PTA memberships when I discovered that the state and national PTA organizations receive more than half the membership funds raised by local schools and that the national PTA supports abortion, gun control, and other issues not related to education. I discovered this when I was elected as PTSA president and went to training. When I discovered this, I brought forward a motion for our PTSA to convert to a PTSO (ie, break with the national organization). That motion failed and I resigned my presidency, as I felt I couldn’t support robbing local families, many of whom were low income, by taking over half of dues to support causes on which the local membership did not vote, of which the local membership generally were not aware, and on which the local membership would have been at best divided if they were aware. We still support the schools by donating to the school foundations, providing supplies for classrooms, etc.

For event or extracurricular fundraisers, I would almost always write a check than have my kids selling stuff. Of course, mine are old enough now that they can raise some of their own funds by babysitting, mowing yards, etc., and are required to do so.

Warrior Woman

September 10th, 2012
3:49 pm

@malleesmom – The difference is that part of the cost retained by Sally Foster and cookie dough include an actual product. 48% for the “expenses” of operating the fundraiser and providing prizes is excessive.

Warrior Woman

September 10th, 2012
3:51 pm

Sorry, malleesmom – my last comment should have been directed @bluefrog.

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
4:12 pm

@Warrior Woman–Maybe it is excessive for what they do but most people seems just to have a problem with the percentage. Most folks don’t seem to want the stuff being peddled. My issue is when schools hold a fundraiser with, say, artwork and it exorbitantly priced and the school keeps a measly 25%. For what it’s worth, Boosterthon (or anything like it) gets you to your fundraising goal a whole lot faster than a Sally Foster.

My earlier post didn’t post but I think the discussion should involve careful consideration about what and how much we as parents should be fundraising for. We need to make sure it truly benefits the children. Fundraising just to be fundraising is nonsense.

alphadog

September 10th, 2012
4:17 pm

I support the Boy Scouts and will buy Chick-fil-A sandwiches from them.

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
4:30 pm

@bluefrog: the % is just one of the MANY issues I have with that company. They have NO product. It is basically a straight up donation, except the school only gets half and it is not tax deductible.

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
4:44 pm

@mom2alex: As stated above, I’m not a fan. But as a person resposible for fundraising a significant amt of $ for the school, i went into it with this parent survey info: no one wants to do another Sally Foster and they don’t want to be bothered with fundraising all year long. Oh, and no one wants to volunteer to organize a DIY program instead of Boosterthon. That leaves few choices. If the check is made to the school or PTA 501(3)c, is is tax deductible. But yes, the program is obnoxious.

mom2alex&max

September 10th, 2012
4:55 pm

@bluefrog: and why not just ask parents to donate X amount of money per kid? Seems more than reasonable to me: no fundraising, no nickel and diming throught the year, the school keeps all of it, and it is tax deductible. Win win.

motherjanegoose

September 10th, 2012
4:58 pm

I love the restaurant cards with discounts. Send those my way…I buy two!

bluefrog

September 10th, 2012
5:26 pm

Did that. Didn’t work for us. Less than 1% of families partiticipated. Seems to work more at the middle and high school level.

DB

September 10th, 2012
8:09 pm

I HATE Sally Foster, and all the stupid “prizes” they could win. As I told my daughter, I’d be far happier to buy her a stuffed animal for $10, give $50 to the school, and everyone comes out ahead, instead of foisting $150 worth of overpriced paper on friends and families. We never did a Boosterthon (sounds like we ducked the bullet), but the band sold cheesecakes/cookie dough (and yeah, those cheesecakes were pretty gross, but the cookie dough was great!)

Kat

September 10th, 2012
8:49 pm

I hate collecting Box Tops too! I understand the ease of it, but again, students are pitted against each other in some sort of “Hunger Games” event to see whose mom buys the most Pillsbury products. 100 Box Tops = $10 (I’ll just write a check).

Plus, there are so many other opportunities for the PTA to make money – they get a cut of school photos and the packages you buy (our school does Fall AND Spring pictures), artwork on mugs and tote bags, Scholastic Book Fairs, etc. Some of these things I like – having pictures and getting books, but I know that the PTA is also getting some of this money.

mary

September 10th, 2012
10:20 pm

With 4 school age children in a “green” school lets just write a check and forget about all the “stuff”.

My motto: Go green and give (what you are able) of the green to your local school instead of buying/selling more stuff no one really needs.

Chuck Brentley

September 11th, 2012
9:55 pm

Fundraising card is also a good option. I usually have my cards printed at http://www.cardprinting.us/fundraising-cards.html for most of my fundraising activities. They produce fine and high quality plastic cards that can really boost the chances of generating funds due to its appeal and awesome design.

Stan Levenson

September 15th, 2012
12:55 am

Thanks to all the parents who have made very worthwhile comments on this site. I have been talking about “nickel and dime fundraising” for years. Don’t waste your time doing this! Spend your time on what I call “big-time fundraising.” Look at the colleges, universities, and private schools and learn from them. Form 501c3 foundations that allow donors to take a tax write-off when they give monies to the schools. And, for all those people who can afford to give more, open your pocketbooks and your hearts and write a big check. Few causes are more worthy and more life-altering than public education. Stan Levenson, Author, Big-Time Fundraising for Today’s Schools, Corwin Press.