An Atlanta charter school closes. Short funds, students.

Atlanta’s Tech High is closing. The charter school enrolled 200 students in grades 9 though 12, according to the state DOE

One persistent problem with charter high schools nationwide is that teens want a larger social pool and wider opportunities than many start-up charters can provide.

And the students want the fun stuff, the Friday night football games, the dances, the homecoming parades. It is tough to offer the social and extracurricular extras in schools with 50 kids or fewer per grade level.

Tech High could not draw enough students, partly because of its forsaken location on Memorial Drive. (A father recently  told me that he took his child to visit the school, but turned around in the parking lot after seeing the run-down facility)

Probably more disconcerting to many Atlanta parents, Tech High’s math and science scores were not dazzling. On the 2011 state End-of-Course Test, 69 percent of Tech High students failed Math I and Math II,  40 percent failed biology and 58 percent failed economics.

According to the Governor’s Office of Student Achievement, 13 students from Tech High took a total of 15 Advanced Placement exams in 2011.  Of those 15 AP tests, only one test earned a score of 3 or higher, the threshold for college credit — an AP success rate of 6.7 percent.

Compare Tech High to Atlanta’s 1,500-student Grady High School, which had much lower failure rates on the EOCT in math and science. At Grady, the rate of success of AP tests — tests with scores of 3 or higher — was 65 percent.

Having visited Tech High three times, including an evening award program for the 50 seniors, I can vouch that the school had an incredibly dedicated staff and a lot of enthusiasm. Apparently, that was not enough.

Here is the official release:

Atlanta’s Tech High, the successful 8-year-old math-, science- and technology-oriented charter high school in the Atlanta Public Schools system, is being forced to close its doors amid an unanticipated revenue cut of 16 percent, school Board Chair Kent Antley announced today.

“It is with great sadness and disappointment that the Governing Board has informed families of the unforeseen challenges this promising school has endured over the past 30 days,” Antley said.

“Our talented, dedicated faculty and staff and our parents and students, who have demonstrated unwavering commitment to academic success, now face an obstacle that is impossible to overcome.”

Tech High School opened its doors in 2004 in a renovated section of the SciTrek Science Museum on Piedmont Road next to the Atlanta Civic Center. There were high expectations for the school, which boasted a who’s who of supporters including the downtown business community, the high tech community, civic leaders and unanimous support from the Atlanta school board

“Like the vast majority of charter schools, Tech High has had to operate on a very tight budget,” Antley said. “Our school was especially sensitive to setting an example in demonstrating high accountability and transparency in our spending.”

The Governing Board had delayed implementing next year’s teacher contracts until it received funding projections from APS. But during the summer break the school was notified, after those contracts had been signed, that a combination of factors would reduce funding another $360,000.

“The state’s average funding per student is over $11,000,” Antley noted. “This school, which has overcome so much, simply cannot operate on revenues of $7,411 per student – and that does not include our capital costs. This is a tragic, saddening last financial blow from which we cannot recover.”

One reason for the massive funding cut is APS’ decision to allocate unfunded pension liabilities to charter schools. Tech High, along with several other charters, disagree with the legality of the APS decision. Other charters plan to wage a legal challenge but, “Unfortunately, our families and teachers can’t put their lives on hold to wait for the legal system to resolve this issue.”

The school was forced to move from the SciTrek facility after only one year when SciTrek closed its doors and the City of Atlanta would not continue the lease. The school is currently housed in a building built in 1922, which means ongoing and major maintenance expenses. That, along with the revenue cut, threatened to force a midyear closure and enormous disruption to many already at-risk students. “At all times, our faculty and staff’s greatest concern and commitment are for the best interests of our students.”

“We are enormously proud of the many accomplishments of Tech High and the numerous students we have helped over eight years,” Antley said. “It has been direct reflection of the dedication of our great teachers and leadership. We are heartbroken that we will not be able to continue to be a positive contributor to Atlanta Public Schools.”

Tech High had just announced a strategic partnership with the Technical College System of Georgia and Georgia Tech Research Institute focused on becoming a state and national model for teaching math, science and technology at the high school level. This partnership was going to combine a STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) curriculum and problem-based learning with college and career pathway course offerings through Georgia’s technical college system.

Dr. Barbara Christmas, an experienced and respected educator, was Tech High’s first CEO. As with all charter schools, Tech High accepted all students. “We consistently had about one-third of our incoming ninth-grade students reading at the 4th or 5th grade level,” said Christmas. “Their math skills were similar.”

Both the percentage of minorities and low-income students at Tech High have been higher than the average for Atlanta Public Schools. Despite these challenges, Tech High showed an amazing ability to graduate a high percentage of their students. “What I’m most proud of is that not only did we graduate over 90% of our students, but nearly all of them went on to enroll in higher education or the military,” said Christmas

• Four Graduating Classes, averaging a 93 percent graduation rate among seniors

• 78 percent of the graduating class of 2011 were accepted to a two- or four-year college

• Over $1.8 million in scholarships offered to the 2011 graduating class of 40 students

• Some colleges Tech High alums attend: Georgia Tech, Emory, Morehouse, Spelman, Notre Dame, University of Chicago, Brandeis University, College of Wooster, North Carolina A&T, Clark Atlanta University, Georgia State University, and Tuskegee University

• Some Scholarships earned by Tech High Alums: Gates Millennium Scholarship, Posse Scholarship, HOPE Scholarship and Legacy Scholarship

• Tech High has achieved AYP five out of six years the school has been measured

• 2011 Academic Gold Award for Greatest Gains from the Governor’s Office of Student Achievement

–From Maureen Downey, for the AJC Get Schooled blog

78 comments Add your comment

living in an outdated ed system

July 6th, 2012
4:34 pm

@Maureen, I’m a bit surprised with your partial supportive, sympathetic view on Tech High. I have met Steve Walker, their CEO, and he is one very passionate individual. But a few years ago, I told him exactly what the problem was.

The problem was simple. You can’t survive when 80% or more of your funding is coming from one source: this source was, of course, APS. Despite what they may say or not say about this relationship with APS, the bottom line is that this is a clear example of why public charter schools cannot be run by local school boards. The secondary reason was, of course, the location of their school, but that was not the reason for their closing.

There are/were good people there, and they were still in “turnaround” mode, so obviously, their academic achievement was not yet where it needed to be. It is very sad that this school is closing.


July 6th, 2012
4:43 pm

As time passes the successes of the Charter Program will only prove that Charter Schools are marginal at best, despite all of the false claims of it being a better way to educate our children.

Fred in DeKalb

July 6th, 2012
5:00 pm

Though the students did not demonstrate a significant difference in outcomes on the standardized tests, I’m sure they benefited from being in this environment. Unfortunately some want to only look at those scores as a measure of success or failure. We all know there are other factors that should be considered. Obviously students were learning and aspiring to continue their education by looking at some of the colleges and universities their graduates attended. It is good to see that over 90% had a plan for after high school. I wish we could see numbers like that at other schools. I do realize they had smaller class sizes, which probably meant greater attention from the faculty.

It’s really too bad that a change in the funding lead to the demise of the school. One can only hope that both the parents and students take their determination and spirit to other schools and then inspire their fellow students to want additional rigor in their instruction. Sometimes that can be the start of having higher expectations and hoping it becomes pervasive.

Another View

July 6th, 2012
6:29 pm

One down, hundreds more to go. Let us hope they all keep closing.


July 6th, 2012
6:35 pm

Imagine how many competing public schools would likewise fail to “draw enough students” if parents were given freedom to choose.

Indie voter

July 6th, 2012
6:41 pm

@Another View so a 93% graduation rate vs. a 50% traditional APS graduation rate means that a school deserves to close for the simple fact that it is a charter?

Why must the charters pay for unfunded pensions when charter teachers are not a part of the pension system as they are not APS employees. Bureaucracy at its finest. THAT is the problem while Tech High was pinching pennies APS was in spend spend spend mode.

living in an outdated ed system

July 6th, 2012
7:08 pm

@Another View – what the heck is your problem? Those poor kids. I hope they file a lawsuit against APS!

William Casey

July 6th, 2012
7:51 pm

The graduation rate is impressive. However, the A.P. success rate of 6.7% is AWFUL. I taught A.P. American history for over 20 years and never had a success rate (score of 3 or higher) less than 70%.

Atlanta Mom

July 6th, 2012
7:52 pm

” On the 2011 state End-of-Course Test, 69 percent of Tech High students failed Math I and Math II, 40 percent failed biology and 58 percent failed economics.”
BUT, 78% of the graduating seniors went on to a 2 or 4 year college. This is why we waste so much money on HOPE. While I realize that this year’s graduating class did not take the 2011 EOCTs, I”m guessing that the pass rates were similar.
If you can’t pass an EOCT, you shouldn’t be going to college.

Atlanta Mom

July 6th, 2012
7:55 pm

Mr. Casey,
I imagine the vast majority of your students did not start HS at a 5th grade reading level. And, I would imagine, if that the reading level was at the fifth grade level, the writing level was no better.


July 6th, 2012
7:58 pm

Imagine how many traditional public schools would likewise fail to “draw enough students” if parents were given freedom to choose.

playing the system

July 6th, 2012
8:31 pm

This article would seem to point at the rampant grade inflation, EOCT tests not necessarily the be all and end all of a student’s education and a test score is just a snap shot. What is troubling is the incredibly low pass rates- not score but just passing the exams. It is also concerning that the grads went to such illustrious colleges but did not muster passing scores on AP scores if this year’s current results are any indication of previous classes. College applications are so incredibly competitive and how frustrating for the students who took the courses, passed the ap exams and did not get into the u of chicago or tech. There are thousands of disadvantaged students who pass a reasonable number of ap exams and there are even thousands who pass with exemplary scores. It makes you think of student who is 20th in their class from a highly competitive high school not getting the Hope and someone not able to pass an ap exam but being in the top 3 from this class. How fair is this?
The graduation pass rate is one thing but to have these students going to some pretty prestigious schools and on hope with so woeful an academic record seems ridiculous. It isn’t to say that they didn’t benefit from the exposure to the rigorous course level but in this highly competitive college application pool, it would seem that grade inflation was greater benefit.


July 6th, 2012
9:10 pm

PAY ATTENTION. So APS trying to cover its “cheating scandal” expenses passes on to charter schools a MASSIVE reduction in funds to pay for a pension that their teachers cannot participate in? Do you really think that is fair?

Current HS Teacher

July 6th, 2012
9:25 pm

Seniors graduating this year (2012) were required to take all 8 state-mandated EOCT’s. They were able to exempt the subject (Math, ELA, SocStds Science) Graduation test if they had passed one of the EOCT’s in the subject area prior to the March 2011 GHSGT.


July 6th, 2012
10:55 pm

So – where will these ~150 students go? There’s no room at Grady…..

Who will be left to teach our kids?

July 6th, 2012
11:01 pm

Anyone considering a career in teaching should definitely RE-CONSIDER such a decision. The lack of respect and callous disregard for teaching professionals across APS is absolutely shameful.

Former Math Teacher

July 6th, 2012
11:04 pm

I don’t know anything about this school, but I have a few comments related to the discussion here.

1) The College Board actively discourages using AP scores to evaluate or compare teachers, schools, or districts.

2) The EOCTs (at least for math) are not the basic skills test that the graduation test used to be. Take a look at the material, and see how many of the sample problems you can get:

Don’t get me wrong; I love doing this stuff. But, is this what we want to require for a high school diploma?

3) APS asking this school to return money (as I read in the ajc story: is the same thing that they did to many teachers this past year – ask them to pay back money they had already been contracted for due to no fault of their own.

Proud Teacher

July 6th, 2012
11:33 pm

Good. Now take the super ideas and the great resources and move these ideas into the public school where they should have been able to thrive all along. There is no reason to create a “separate but better” public school within a district. Better discipline and better student advocates would go a long way in improved the public schools. The public school money is for all of the district, not just a select group.

Bruce Kendall

July 6th, 2012
11:50 pm

A high Graduation Rate does not mean that the students were provided a high quality basic education.

After taking the time to look at their accomplishments, I wonder if the school was closer to a Diploma Factory?

Consider the data, with comments:

EOCT, Percent failed vs. % of correct answers needed to pass:

Math I 69% failed vs. passing score 50%

Math II 69% failed vs. passing score 43%

Biology 40% failed vs. passing score 47%

Economics 58% failed vs. passing score 50%

9th grade ELA 31% failed vs. passing score 54%

U.S. History 27% failed vs. passing score 54%

Physical Science 22% failed vs. passing score 43%

ACT average for graduating class 17.8 out of a possible 36 = 49 classroom grade

SAT average for graduating class for Verbal, Math and Writing 1304 out of a possible 2400 = 54 classroom grade

SAT average for graduating class for Verbal and Math 867 out of a possible 1600 = 54 classroom grade

Number of Students Taking AP Tests 13. Number of Tests Taken 15. Number of Test Scores 3 or Higher 1. Percentage of Test Scores 3 or Higher 6.7%.

HOPE Scholarship Eligibility: Number of 2011 Graduates 36. Number Eligible 17. Percent Eligible 47.2%.

Not a school Charter Activists would use as an example. However, the reality of their efforts does not mean that they were not doing the best that they knew how.

If you have a question about my comments ask, nekb at charter dot net.

I will post explanations here.

William Casey

July 7th, 2012
7:15 am

@Atlanta Mom: No, the vast majority of my students didn’t enter high school reading at the 5th grade level. I didn’t see that in the article about the students takng A.P. tests at this school either.

Chris Murphy

July 7th, 2012
8:26 am

Most of the kids at Tech came from very low income homes. That they came in so unprepared is a testament to APS’s methods & personnel; many came from schools named in the cheating scandal. This school is about 3 mi. west of Drew Charter, and served a similar demographic- but without any where close to the same resources. The building- an old elementary school from the ’30’s- was a dump, the basement condemned. Despite an impressive list of individuals on their Board, the school did not have great support, nor very effective management.

I found the kids to be uniformly nice. On a stretch of Memorial Dr. more known for jackasses and jerks, these kids in their uniforms – and behavior- stood out. I could never square their EOCT results with what the school was saying about itself, either- but, out of a class of say, 60, 55+ would take the SAT’s- and their avg. scores put them at 3rd in the city, after Grady & North ATL (and well above the much touted Carver Early College- there’s another APS school where the numbers don’t square). So, the school was doing some things right, and lord knows the kids and their families did not have much of a choice given APS schools in the area. We hope the ‘new’ Jackson HS will be more accommodating, offer a better chance for the kids in this area, and are working hard to help the staff there.


July 7th, 2012
9:01 am

Comparing Grady kids to Tech High kids is an odd comparison. Grady has a much more diverse student population, particularly in terms of income.

Also, let’s remember that funding has been cut for paying for the AP Exams for low income students, so fewer students are able to afford the tests.

Maureen Downey

July 7th, 2012
9:23 am

@Chris, When Tech was first planned, the backers told me they envisioned a science/math school in the mold of the noted tech/science/math high schools in New York and California. That never happened in part because middle class Atlanta parents weren’t sending their kids to the school. I am very impressed with the kids I met at Tech High, but I would leave there wondering if those kids wouldn’t have more opportunities at a larger school with a larger pool of bright, driven cohorts.
I also think that Tech High lacked the high school milieu that so many teens crave.

Chris Murphy

July 7th, 2012
9:48 am

Yes, Maureen, the students that were of middle-class background- mainly sent by parents that had no access to Grady, and didn’t want to chance MH Jackson HS- the kids complained of a lack of football teams, small cohort, etc. But also, the admin. would promise their parents programs that never existed- so they waited for the middle class that wouldn’t come, for programs that would only start when they came- nuts.

Those kids would not have been exposed to a larger, driven cohort at their zoned HS- SE ATL has been a HS wasteland for decades. However, Jackson has a new principal, and although interim, his record has excited the staff- an abused staff that hasn’t had anything to be excited about previously. With middle-class parents now forced to stay in SE ATL- where previously school families moved out, the housing market precludes that- there will be new pressures but also new support for the local school. APS has already exhibited, ahem, ‘discomfort’ with demands parents here are making, and we have let them know we’ll be longer here than they are there.

Realistic Educator

July 7th, 2012
9:48 am

APS is scrimping wherever they can to pay for the overspending of the last decade or so. Of course the CRCT Cheating scandal did not help. The superintendent only sees marginal costs and marginal benefits. He’s trying to balance the budget like it or not. There are a number of schools that could absorb Tech High’s kids including Douglass which is getting back a maverick principal. It’s too bad that most of that dynamic teaching staff he had originally was transferred and/or just retired. Still, I believe the school is up for a major comeback especially with so much support from the community and alumni.
Tech High had a chance to join Douglass and did not act on it. The school is in a great location with easy access to the MARTA rail line and I-20/I-285.
As for pensions, APS teachers retired in droves. Can someone please explain why the superintendent has not reached out and thanked the retirees for their years of service. Afterall, their leaving helped him avoid a major RIFF. What a thankless school system. Even if they couldn’t afford the annual Retirees appreciation dinner they could have at least sent a letter. Pot luck would have been better than nothing.
Just because a Charter is a Charter does not mean it is a good school. And, it is my opinion that kids do need more than academics. Why else would home schoolers want their children involved in public school sports?


July 7th, 2012
9:48 am

Was Tech High run by a for-profit group?


July 7th, 2012
10:14 am

When Tech High first opened, I pretty much decided that my son, then in 3rd or 4th grade, would be enrolled when he reached high school. After he attended Atlanta Charter Middle School (I was a member of the founding board) he decided that he didn’t want to attend another small charter school. He said the physical plant was in disrepair, that the media center didn’t have enough books, and that he was generally disappointed in Tech High. He went on to North Atlanta High School where he earned an International Baccalaureate Diploma and is headed to Columbia Engineering next month. I am an APS middle school teacher and I’ve sent a few children to Tech High. They were good students, but not phenomenal students, and none were old enough to take the EOCT’s. Many of those tests are challenging for students. My son had a small tutoring business and his clients always wanted to see him more around EOCT and CRCT time. His clients came from North Atlanta, Grady, and home schooled students.

You get a HOPE scholarship if your grade point average is a 3.8 or above. That’s roughly a 93 or 94 average.

AP classes are Advanced Placement. That’s supposed to equate with freshman year in college. that does not automatically ensure that you will post a qualifying grade on the AP exam, even if you have a good teacher. It takes a special teacher, a lot of time willing students and parents who now how to help and have the resources to do so to overcome the chronic under education that was rampant during the Beverly Hall years. I’m sorry to see Tech High close. And on another note, all public education teachers in the state of Georgia are a part of the Teacher’s Retirement System, so the Tech High teachers paid into the system because they are a part of the system.

taco taco

July 7th, 2012
10:31 am

@Former Math teacher, Thank you for the link to the high school math requirements. I think the math is wonderful but for all students, I don’t think they will all need this level. I think the state has to create better math options for students who are not math savvy. What happened to auto mechanics in the high school? Teach the kids to put together an engine who are not going on to high academia. Identify the kids that can not write a check and teach them. These standards to me seem like a one size fits all approach. Sounds like the common core.

Atlanta Mom

July 7th, 2012
11:05 am

“When Tech was first planned, the backers told me they envisioned a science/math school in the mold of the noted tech/science/math high schools in New York and California.”
That’s interesting. I have math and science kids and attended two meetings when Tech High was getting started. It was never clear to me which “end” of technology the school was aiming for. I couldn’t tell if they wanted students who would install computers or students who would design/program computers.


July 7th, 2012
11:23 am

Plato and Socrates couldn’t teach today’s fat, lazy, dumb kids. They would be the first to leave the ‘profession’.

bootney farnsworth

July 7th, 2012
11:24 am

I have no issues with charter schools per se, but if they aren’t getting enough students and/or funding…its a luxury we can’t afford right now

bootney farnsworth

July 7th, 2012
11:41 am

I’ve said this over and over again, but the idiots who run public ed continue to ignore it: a California solution is not gonna work here. same with a yankee solution.

southern education requires southern solutions.

living in an outdated ed system

July 7th, 2012
1:29 pm

There will be lawsuits galore here. This is EXACTLY why local school boards can NOT run public charter schools. This will be a lightening rod issue that will ensure the amendment passes in November. Local public schools want public charters to fail, period It doesn’t matter if their graduation rates far exceed those in the traditional public schools.

Davis will have more egg on his face, and this issue is far from over. Also stress the point that local public schools have mismanaged funds and failed to change their system for decades. Such a shame that they take out their anger on public charter schools instead of looking inward at their own failures.

living in an outdated ed system

July 7th, 2012
1:31 pm

@Bootney – that is your problem. Your comments make no sense – you will continue to ignore the possibilities because you won’t open your mind to best practices and trying to leverage sound practices with local implementation.

living in an outdated ed system

July 7th, 2012
1:31 pm

Catlady – Tech High is a public charter -funded almost entirely by APS. It is not run by a for-profit group, to my knowledge.

Atlanta Mom

July 7th, 2012
1:32 pm

There is something odd about the AP information. The numbers above are from the summary information, but the detail shows only 1 test taken.

Good Mother

July 7th, 2012
1:52 pm

To Realistic Educator:
You complain that the super didn’t spend money to give the APS retired teachers a retirement dinner paid for by taxpayers.
Realistic, I wish you’d be realistic.
Teachers who are not retired have furlough days — would you rather give at work teachers another furlough day so that retirees could get a free dinner?
Your priorities are shocking.

Good Mother

July 7th, 2012
1:56 pm

THe Proof is in the Pudding.
We won’t know whether Tech High was better than an alternative until we see what happens to the students.
I wish we could follow their progress thorugh graduation to see if they performed better or worse.


July 7th, 2012
3:36 pm

Living….: Thanks! I wondered if it was homemade or store-bought. I don’t trust those store-bought charters (for profit) at all! Can’t see that any “company” should make a profit off our kids (Yeah, I know it flies in the face of all those companies that Georgia “rewards” with contracts for CRCT printing, scoring, preparation, and all the “canned” programs that are forced on teachers and students!) Folks, when Jesus comes again he won’t be in a pre-packaged, script-driven, for-profit program! No matter what your CO and the state and national DOE say! Not even what Bill Gates or Michelle Rhee, or those other educational toadies say!


July 7th, 2012
3:40 pm

Sorry. Let me amend.

Folks, when Jesus comes again He won’t be in a pre-packaged, script-driven, for-profit program! No matter what your CO and the state and national DOE say! Not even what Bill Gates or Michelle Rhee, or those other educational toadies and dillettantes say!

The NEA isn't about education

July 7th, 2012
4:17 pm

From this week’s issue of The Economist, discussing charter schools …

“It is pretty clear now that giving schools independence (from unions and bureaucracy) works. Yet it remains politically difficult to implement.”

“Poor pupils, those in urban environments and English-language learners fare better in charters.”

“In America, artificial limits on the number of charter schools must be ended, and they must get the same funding as other schools.”

– GwinnettParentz (now censored by Maureen)

The NEA isn't about education

July 7th, 2012
4:38 pm

economist correction

July 7th, 2012
4:40 pm

The Economist article has been roundly criticized for not examining the documents fully, relying on limited research and presenting a skewed viewpoint. Just because it is in the Economist does not mean that the article is not biased. No mention of for profit virtual charters at all as well…..

The NEA isn't about education

July 7th, 2012
4:54 pm

@”correction”: Please state who is “roundly criticizing” The Economist’s conclusions, etc. — so we can draw conclusions about their own credibility.

economist correction

July 7th, 2012
5:02 pm

For instance, although the Economist article does point out some flaws in the charter school model as based on research. It ignores the financial shenanigans found in the Gulan based schools, the egregious current legislature for charters in New Orleans and relies heavily on the CRPE study. The CRPE meta analysis study comes from a think tank backed by pro charter/anti public schools with deep deep pockets. Gates Walton and others can buy a lot of influence.
One of the conclusions made in the article stated that poorly working charters can be easily shut down and in New York that is not the case nor in other areas of the country as well. Serious litigation over charter renewals has cost districts money for legal fees that should be added to the tally.
Unrestricted charters and rampant growth of charters undercut the develop and actual recharging of the public schools. Jackson could be the next success story akin to Grady if there is enough parental support.

economist correction

July 7th, 2012
5:06 pm

I would say that Diane Ravitch would be consider credible among others. Social economists and educational policy experts, educators as well and even regular old readers of the Economist itself.

economist correction

July 7th, 2012
5:07 pm

And just to be snarky, nice cherry picking of the quotes from the Economist article which they cherry picked research to write.

Shame on union shills like you

July 7th, 2012
5:19 pm

@”correction”: We’re still waiting to hear of any credible sources for your drive-by slander of The Economist article.

WHO exactly is “roundly” criticizing it? The unions and their lackeys? Give us actual LINKS to critical articles!

[...] in grades 9 though 12, according to the state DOE One persistent problem with. Read more on Atlanta Journal Constitution (blog) ← Budget cut, charter school to close Cancel [...]

economist correction

July 7th, 2012
6:07 pm