You go girl: Women outpace men in advanced degrees. But where are the boys?

Women are graduating high school land college at higher rates than men. AJC files/Jon Krause NewsArt

Women are graduating high school and college at higher rates than men. AJC files/Jon Krause NewsArt

Women are now outpacing men in attainment of both advanced college degrees and bachelor’s degrees, according to new Census data.

Among adults 25 and older, 10.6 million U.S. women have master’s degrees or higher, compared with 10.5 million men.  However, women still trail men in professional subcategories such as business, science and engineering.

About 20.1 million women have bachelor’s degrees, compared with nearly 18.7 million men.

The findings will not Thomas Mortenson, a senior scholar at the Pell Institute for the Study of Opportunity in Higher Education in Washington, DC., and an independent higher education policy analyst.

I’ve interviewed Mortenson in the past on the growing gap in educational achievement between boys and girls in Georgia.  For example, Georgia’s high school graduation class of 2005 began freshman year with 64,000 boys. Four years later, only 40,000 remained.

The problem that I found is that no one knew where those 24,000 missing boys were. My guess was the Dairy Queen parking lot or their parents’ basement.

Mortenson is part of the Boys Initiative. a national campaign to highlight the decline in male academic performance over the past two decades.

While we ought to celebrate the ascension of women in higher education, should we worry more about what is happening to boys?

The Boys Initiative thinks so, and provides reams of data to support its position:

-For every 100 females ages 15 to 19 that commit suicide 549 males in the same
range kill themselves

-For every 100 girls who graduate from high school 96 boys graduate

-For every 100 girls in grades 10 to 12 that drop out of high school 103 boys drop
out of high school

-For every 100 girls suspended from public elementary and secondary schools 215
boys are suspended.

-For every 100 girls diagnosed with a special education disability 217 boys are
diagnosed with a special education disability

-For every 100 women enrolled in college there are 78 men enrolled.

-For every 100 women enrolled in the fourth year of college there are 81 men

-For every 100 American women who earn a bachelor’s degree from college
75 American men earn a bachelor’s degree

–From Maureen Downey, for the AJC Get Schooled blog

40 comments Add your comment


April 27th, 2011
11:25 am

And your point is……….?


April 27th, 2011
11:40 am

this is also slightly misleading. there are more girls in the population. so if you say: for every 100 girls xxx boys…whatever – really – you also have to include the information about – in the general population, for every 100 girls there are…how many boys? the answer, I believe it about 98. That’s mother nature. So it’s misleading to think there should be a one to one correspondence.
And this is what happens when you focus education for 30 years on girls. i’m not complaining, but it’s not a surprise. all education recently has been focused on girls. curriculum is being pushed down (kids in kindergarden are expected to do what kids in first grade used to do – girls are fine with it, but most boys aren’t – hence more boys being medicated for ADD than girls…by far).
So we’ve (tried to) focus more on girls’ education. and so girls are doing better. surprise? i don’t think so.
But then look at the areas that are of most importance, and where we are always bemoaning stuff….business/science/engineering. not going up…hmmm….
we have never even acknowledged that men and women learn differently. and those subjects have historically been taught by men to men in the ways that men understand.


April 27th, 2011
11:41 am

“You’ve come alooong waaay baby
to get where you got to todaaaay
You’ve got Virginia Slims now baby
You’ve come a long long way!”

"Old Crank" aka Proud Georgia Teacher

April 27th, 2011
11:42 am

Your headline answers your question, Maureen! So many young boys today just “grow up” to be tall boys. It should read, “Where are the men?”

Maureen Downey

April 27th, 2011
11:50 am

Atlmom; From the site:

For every 100 girls enrolled in nursery school there are 98 boys enrolled.

For every 100 girls enrolled in kindergarten there are 107 boys enrolled.


April 27th, 2011
12:01 pm

Maureen: I’m not asking about ENROLLMENT. I’m asking about POPULATION.
There are more boys born. By the age of one, there are more girls alive.
Look at the statistics by population, not by enrollment. Those numbers are the numbers of kids that the parents choose to put into school.


April 27th, 2011
12:03 pm

or the other way round? now I can’t remember.
The point being – it’s not about artificial stats…i mean, not that it’s happening, but maybe parents are pulling all the boys out of school and homeschooling them.
it’s a population thing…


April 27th, 2011
12:04 pm

Tom Mortenson is a well-respected, independent researcher. He is also an authority on college financial aid research.

Well, since I come from a time when girls were less likely than boys to graduate from high schoolor go to college, I am happy “we” are doing better. And, truly, since so many women find themselves alone and with children to support, I am glad that they are more likely to get additional education–they need it. In the early years of this country we had what was called “Republican motherhood;” that is, that women needed education since they would be nurturing our future leaders (men) and teaching them in their homes.

Countries where women have less education see more poverty, more abuse, higher infant mortality, etc.

Where do the guys go? Maybe, like Cheney, they have “more important things to do.”


April 27th, 2011
12:27 pm

My children and I were separated by a divorce when they were very young. Their Mother remarried twice and there was never a solid male roll model in the home. My duaghter and I had normal visitation but as soon as he could, my soon refused to spend any time with me. Instead, he hung out with his Mother and almost flunked out of school. Only the intervention of a male teacher (not his) at his high school pulled him through. The teacher required my son to come to school early and be ready to learn. Each day he inspected his clothes, made sure he had his materials, and that he was rested. Failures prompted a phone call to Mom for corrective action. I will forever be thankful for his help.

Once my son started college, I did the awful trick of tying college money to regular dinners. We spoke about school, relationships, etc. and I paid his bills. I know the money was initially the reason for the dinners but over time the relationship has changed. As he has matured, I have also seen a different approach to school. He started understanding his responsibilities and his grades have steadily improved. At my urging he received counseling and has developed a relationship with his academic advisor. It has helped him grow up and I now see a young man focusing on his future. He hopes his grades are good enough for graduate school, and he wants to get into medical research.

The point is that as much as a mother might try, she isn’t going to be a male roll model. 25% of American children are being raised in single parent households, and 98% of those households are missing the father. The vast majority of teachers are also women. Boys and girls need to have positive relationships with both sexes, but it is especially true that they need to have same-sex mentoring relationships. For many boys, that positive relationship with an adult male doesn’t exist. Some mothers or teachers may be good at helping boys but male roll models are important.

Being a boy is genetic. Being a man is learned. My Mother was a great Mother and she taught me a lot of things, but my Father taught me how to be a man. If you wonder where all those boys have disappeared to, I see it as a symptom. The real question is where have all the Fathers run off to?

My final point is that while the article contains educational statistics, I don’t believe their root causes are in our educational system. I also don’t believe it is appropriate for us to assign the educational system the responsibility for curing the cause. Our society has a complex problem, and I wish it had an easy solution. We need to figure out how to get Fathers to step up to their responsibillities, and we need to provide alternatives when Fathers are missing or aren’t up to the roll.


April 27th, 2011
12:35 pm

Wondering: well said. None of these issues are ‘easy’ to solve. There are so many answers, and so many causes.
I would say that this year – the third grade – is the first time in his life that my son has had a male teacher. He seems different somehow with that relationship in his life now. I’m happy he has a male teacher! it’s been working so well. He certainly has a great dad as a role model too – but having others in his life is definitely great.

Old Time Educator

April 27th, 2011
1:07 pm

My comment addresses the college degree portion of the article. I am of the opinion – and yes, it’s just an opinion – that males have more options for a vocation without a college degree than women. Well, okay, that is showing the sexist opinion that I grew up with, but men can make a very good living by becoming plumbers, carpenters, contractors, electricians, carpet and/or tile installers, etc. While women have taken up some of these careers they are still traditionally male. Women just don’t have that many options. Secretary, nurse’s aides, waitress, most vocations that we normally think of as being a “woman’s job” are not that high paying. So, stereotypes and PC thinking aside, I still believe that a man has more options than a woman without that sheepskin.


April 27th, 2011
1:15 pm

The boys are busy making war, playing video games and making deals on Wall St. not to mention they don’t have a lot of role models or hands on Fathers. Sad to say but a man who is not a college-graduate, still gets more respect that a woman with a degree. We should focus on fixing education as a whole not just for boys, besides they’ve had there chance.


April 27th, 2011
3:26 pm

Some excellent points! As a female teacher, I firmly believe that we need more male teachers at both the primary and secondary levels. Male role models are important for girls, but they are crucial for boys.

Most of the intervention meetings I attend are about young men who lack role models. We have a mentoring program at my high school, but each willing and able male teacher has 4 to 5 mentees! That’s not counting the coaches, who do a lot of mentoring as well.

Another problem at my school is that we are a military community and many of the boys have great dads… who are gone every other year because they are deployed. I’m not trying to get political here–I am a military wife myself– but we need to consider the implications when we spend BILLIONS of dollars to send some of our best men off to some foreign country. Maybe we would be better off if we kept them HERE, helping us raise our boys.

Oh, and when we keep cutting teacher pay and adding work? How many men will keep teaching? How many men will go into teaching, knowing that they can’t support a family? My father-in-law (retired military, BTW) is a middle school special ed teacher who is retiring this year because he is tired of the paperwork. My brother is a high school teacher whose pay will be cut again next year, and his pregnant wife is working up to her due date for that reason.

We need more good male teachers. We won’t get them by belittling teachers and cutting their pay.

Teacher Reader

April 27th, 2011
4:48 pm

@ wondering Well said. Thanks for being the DAD that many kids wish they had!


April 27th, 2011
5:44 pm

“But where are the boys?”

Males are not politically correct in our society at the moment. Anyone noticed how men are portrayed in TV commercials? They’re usually a clueless, pale, chubby white guy who is being scolded or corrected by a female for some infraction like looking in the fridge or watching the wrong TV show. Those ads have been running for years now and they do a huge disservice because some boys see that crap and think it’s real life. As was already noted, without a steady male influence they’re apt to grow up into conflicted, rudderless girlie men.

April 27th, 2011
6:09 pm

Where are the boys? Being diagnosed with ADD and ADHD and shunted out of higher-level classes. Public school emphasizes test prep, and rowdy boys don’t fit that mold.


April 27th, 2011
6:20 pm

P.S. Both of my daughters have degrees; their husbands do not. One has a bachelor’s degree in education (a typical “female” degree); the other has bachelor’s degrees in math and astrophysics and a master’s in astrophysics. My son has no degree; his wife has a bachelor’s in environmental ethics. So my family seems to follow the pattern, as well.

Ole Guy

April 27th, 2011
8:07 pm

It’s “Mr. Johnson’s” fault!

All seriousness aside: Once again, here goes the generational gap thing. The young men of this Country have always…that’s ALWAYS…had the major influence of pending war. From the earliest days/years of physical and psychological growth, the young male population has ALWAYS been impacted (for good, for bad, for right, or for wrong) by the very real prospect that they just may have to, in the not too distant future, face a very real threat to their mortal and psychological well being. IN SHORT, THIS POPULATION GROUP HAS ALWAYS FACED CHALLENGE, MUCH OF WHICH THEY NEITHER UNDERSTOOD NOR WELCOMED, BUT WHICH THEY, NONETHELESS, FACED. In more recent years, American youth has had neither the need nor the challenge to “stretch” beyond the comfort zone of familiarity. Consequently, there has been no “psycic yardstick” against which to measure one’s true goals and abilities.

When that scared 19 year old kid is facing, on a daily, if not moment-to-moment basis, very real prospect that he’s not so special after all…that after seeing his bud disappear in a cloud of jungle dust (and he could very well be subject to the very same outcome)…he comes to realize, in very short order, that life is not a commodity to be wasted; that if one fails to seize the opportunities out their, they will, forever, be gone and out of reach.

This is why my college graduating class was almost entirely vets and active duty officers (Bootstraps) who had been able to gain commissions in the absence of a degree…why that generation, MY generation, as well as my Dad’s generation took full advantage of the GI Bill, worked any-and-all jobs which added to the end objective of educating one’s self…AND WHO VIEWED THIS CONSTANT “WOE IS ME” COMPLAINING, SO PREVALENT IN TODAY’S CROP OF WHINNERS, AS TOTALLY USELESS, COMPLETELY UNPRODUCTIVE, AND A SURE GUARANTEE OF FAILURE.



April 27th, 2011
8:15 pm

I’m simply appalled with the contempt shown for males by posters on this article. “You had your turn. Now, it’s ours. And, don’t let the door hit you on the way out!” How childish.
Equality. Equality for all!

Ole Guy

April 27th, 2011
8:29 pm

Cat, this poses the very real concern that your daughters and sons-in-law may experience difficulties…particularly in their “more mature” years…of growing together along the same “psycic planes”. This need not be a major hurdle as long as they are aware of this potential challenge to their growth. Please allow me the liberty of presuming that your daughter, employed in the aerospace industry, may earn a living far in excess of that which her husband is/will ever be capable. This scenario, particularly in the earlier years, is sure to generate a domestic condition not conducive to good family life. With counseling and care, this potential can be mitigated. Good luck, Cat!

Atlanta mom

April 27th, 2011
10:54 pm

Ole guy–why is this a problem? Women have lived with/survived this situation for time immortal. Men can not cope? Clearly the woman has already accepted the situation.


April 27th, 2011
11:50 pm

For forty years, the politically correct have literally waged war against the white male with discriminatory affirmative action admission policies and “diversity” initiatives. Then, they look around and wonder where all the male college students went.

Give me a break…

Legend of Len Barker

April 28th, 2011
2:35 am

At the middle school, mediocrity was cool with the kids. Girls generally pushed a little harder than boys. I have no statistics with me to back it up, but being a smart boy wasn’t what you wanted to be in the redneck county.

I think some of it is that education has become nearly totally female in grade school. When I left the middle school, we didn’t have any males teaching regular academic classes out of 28 teachers. Two taught special ed, one taught a connections class, and two of three PE teachers were male. The principal was also male, but not imposing or really the type of guy you’d think of as “sir”. Two of the males, I think, have left since then. Actually three. The principal’s gone, too.

Boys at that age really do need someone to identify with.

I'm just sayin'

April 28th, 2011
2:37 am

I don’t know where all the “white male” college students have gone, but there are more black males in prison than in college–and that needs an initiative.
@wondering–I am a single mother but I have never understood why I am referred to as a single parent because actually I have to be a double parent–mother and father. I did raise my sons to be men. They are both gainfully employed, contributing memebers of society–no basement dwellers at my house!


April 28th, 2011
3:07 am

The boys are getting a head start, heading to the top, not feeling a need for a sheepskin. The girls take a detour of 4-6 yrs, get an absolutely useless degree, then another 5 yrs to get that first child a jump start. Now being 10 yrs behind … those women will start complaining how come thay are not equal in business.

Ole Guy

April 28th, 2011
7:26 am

Mom, I believe you have identified the problem in one word…Coping. All kids, and even a few 60-somethings…yours truly included…enjoy a little (forgive my crudness) “pissaround” time; time to crap around and accomplish absolutely nothing while complaining about everything. I believe it is called total detachment from reality. We, as adults, manifest this through, say, getting wasted in South Beach, or vacationing on some isl in the middle of nowhere. However, at some point, it’s time to “return to earth” and start coping with reality.

This discipline-imposed coping, for me, and for many in my generation, had its early beginnings when we, as late teens and barely old enough to (legally) drink, were obliged to face the stark realities of armed conflict and the sureness that we were not, as we thought, invincible. As young adults, in our mid-to-late twenties, we realized that time waited for no one; life was a very fragile here-today-gone-tomorrow proposition. We faced the uncertainties of rotten economies, low wage jobs, and all the woe which precedes life’s rainbows. Some of us saw many rainbows, while others have led lives in perpetual downpours…THAT’S LIFE! We even protested against the things we felt unjust, but it was a “WE” thing…not “me” or “I”.

I have never seen so much pissing and moaning over issues of scholarships, and the like, as being major roadblocks in attaining educational goals. Resounding complaints seem to be the only replies coming from this generation steeped in instant gratification and the false achievements borne of political correctness over harsh reality.

Mom, are you asking “why is this a problem”? The march of civilization, from manifest destiny to the space race and beyond, with stops in dealing with global tyranny, economic collapse, and the myriad challenges to mankind have all been dealt with only by facing them head-on…NOT BY INCESSANTLY COMPLAINING OF THEIR INCONVENIENCE. That’s why.

David Sims

April 28th, 2011
7:47 am

Maybe the boys are learning a vocation. It’s a sensible thing to do. I learned astrophysics, but I can’t seem to make any money at it, so I raise goats and apple trees in rural West Virginia. I sometimes wish that I’d gone to vocational school and learned masonry, carpentry, plumbing, wiring, interior design and air conditioning repair. Then I could make money building houses for people, getting my jollies underbidding large construction companies and doing a better job than they do.


April 28th, 2011
8:01 am

These statistics do not surprise me. Boys and men are set up for failure in this society. From the 1st grade school curriculum which expects that they can write a paragraph to the over protective mothers who take away toy guns and swords and expect them to act like girls. Add to this that they have no male role models and we have a society of boys who can’t figure out what their role is. Boys have an inborn need to explore and fight and to be physical in nature. We take away recess and load them up with afterschool activities so they are structured every minute of every day and then scream at them when the don’t sit still. They find comfort in the only socially acceptable things they are good at..computers and video games which only increase the problems and create that 20yr old lump on your couch. I don’t know what the answer is. I homeschool my boy and am SOOO thankful. He wrote his first paragraph at age 10 and did a great job. He hated writing throughout 1-4 grades but is now coming around. He has never confused paperwork with learning so he LOVES to learn. Hopefully he will have no problem going to college. I fight the overprotective mom thing constantly and definately yell at him too much for being too physical with his little sister. Luckily, I have an “all guy” husband who shows him a bit about survival and “being a man”. Still it’s a struggle because the bottom line is, boys need to feel important and needed and, since the movement for women’s rights, the message has been that we DON’T need them. I can promise you. I NEED the man in my life and my children need him. Because, if it were entirely up to me, my chlid would be the one who never gets off my sofa.
To Wondering: You. completely. rock. Too many dads give up and don’t understand the important role they play. You have forever changed the lives of your children and grandchildren with your actions. Good for you!

Let's be real

April 28th, 2011
8:37 am

Title IX helped women at the expense of men, instead of making sure both had the opportunity to excel. Who are all these successful women going to marry, each other? Then again, I guess that is what is happening these days.

DeKalb Educated

April 28th, 2011
11:08 am

Boys are different from girls. We have had this discussion in the blog before. They need to move more due to their large muscle development. Sitting and rote learning is boring to them. Our educationals system is set up more for docile, compliant children – not active and in-motion boy brains and bodies. My three sons all struggled in school. By the time they made it to college, two settled in to learn by having exceptional teachers who engaged them. One went on to become a fire fighter and loves the rush of it. He also helps manage a retail store. The oldest is a lawyer and the youngest is a teacher. I think it is good to offer options not only in educational modalities but also in the options for future employment. Not everyone is cut out to sit at a computer and type (fine motor skills) all day. We need carpenters, electricians, plumbers as well as writers, accountants, computer programmers, doctors and nurses.


April 28th, 2011
11:25 am

Ole Guy, I share your concern. Thanks!

Looking for real learning

April 28th, 2011
12:18 pm

No doubt– the educational “system” is now more geared to the way girls learn and act, than to boys. and because most teachers are female, they prefer girls to boys in terms of behavior, learning style, etc…they are not educated and trained about the differences in boys’ learning style. Many of the skills that are coming to be more highly valued now — collaboration, “teamwork”, lots of communication and verbal work — are more naturally geared to the feminine style.

Add that to the fact that white males have been blamed for every world problem for the last 5,000 years, are now discriminated AGAINST when it comes to college admissions and jobs….why wouldn’t their self esteem suffer?


April 28th, 2011
5:36 pm

Actually, in the vast majority of college admissions, it is now WHITE FEMALES who are discriminated against. If you look at the average SAT score and HS GPA, broken down by gender, at nearly every university, you will see that females outscore males and that a white male with X SAT score and GPA is more likely to be admitted than a white female with the same scores. The ONLY exceptions to this are schools like Georgia Tech and MIT.

Ps. I’m a white girl, and I don’t mind the “discrimination,” but I do mind people not knowing their facts.


April 29th, 2011
3:19 am

Ashley said:

The boys are busy making war, playing video games and making deals on Wall St. not to mention they don’t have a lot of role models or hands on Fathers. Sad to say but a man who is not a college-graduate, still gets more respect that a woman with a degree. We should focus on fixing education as a whole not just for boys, besides they’ve had there chance.

WOW. Where to start. hmmm. well, those boys making deals on Wall Street did get college degrees so they are not part of the missing male college grads. duh. Playing video games when they could be shopping or watching Lifetime? Stereotypes are not analysis.

“They’ve had there (sic) chance”? really? You believe that because men in the past were more likely to graduate college than women, men in the present do not deserve an equal chance?


April 29th, 2011
3:22 am

The worst part of the degree difference is that most of the women’s degrees are not in the fields we need the most – science and engineering.


April 29th, 2011
6:24 pm

No, no, Atlmom, this is not because there are fewer boys than girls. Quite the opposite! In fact, there are more boys than girls until the 45 to 64 years bracket. Thank you, however, for pointing out another men’s issue (life expectancy) which society ignores because it’s not politically correct to care about the American Male.

Lower male life expectancy can all be traced to our sexist treatment of men. If life expectancies were reversed, “Gender Genocide” would be in the news every night and would be a top priority of the government and the so-called Equal Rights Movement.

Ole Guy

April 29th, 2011
8:22 pm

Many of my generational contemporaries may recall an advertisement of the 60s in which the main theme, geared toward women, was “You’ve come a long way, baby”. During that period, it was (with semi-humor) held that women in college were primarily in pursuit of the MRS Degree…looking for a mate potentially capable of earning a good-to-decent living. As the (so-called) womens’ movement took root, formerly mens’ domains were becoming populated by the female gland of the species. IE, doctors, lawyers, engineers, etc, etc were rapidly becoming co-ed, if you will. I can remember the first women aviators being welcomed into the fold by way of cigar-stinkin ready rooms and flight suit-clad pilots, in semi-states of dress appropriate to the locker room, playing poker and cussing like…well, Sailors. From the earlier days of womens’ “invasion” into “mans’ world”, they have, in all professional honesty, proven themselves far far beyond any expectations.

I believe we are seeing generations of younger women who, fully aware of this “social metamorphous”, are more than eager to venture beyond the traditional roles of 50s/60s era women and compete…nose-to-nose, as it were…with us guyfolk. At the very same time (here goes the umpteenth verse of the ole guy gen v young guy gen arguement), I believe we are seeing younger generations of the male species (I am not ready to employ the “men” moniker) who, for a number of reasons (some beyond their realm of control…some not so) have grown neither physically, mentally, or morally. Like the chicks in the nest, their sole earthly function seems to be that of sitting in the nest, beaks open, awaiting sustenance (in the form of educational assistance, etc) to effortlessly appear. When that sustenance fails to appear, again, like those hungry chicks, all they can do is go “peep peep” and complain.

Though I am both pleased and blessed to personally know many fine young men (primarily through my military career), I am ashamed of the helplessness which seems to pervade the 20-something male community.


April 30th, 2011
9:21 am

@Ashley (privileged white female?) thank you so much for proving for the 1000th time the hate and stupidity of the modern feminist.

And too all of these comments trying to justify/excuse the “boy crisis” problem here are some facts for you girls/manginas

-3 inch federal catalog dedicated to girls education (not one for boys though)

-The WEEA (womens educational equity act) still to this day recieves funding (and of course no similar act for boys)

-We still have “women only” scholarships even though they represent a majority of college attendance

-We are drugging boys with ridalin because they have “ADHD” (IOW they are too “boyish” and dont want to sit in their chairs all day long)

-Combine that with the slow elimination/reduction of recess and how feminized our educational system is its no wonder why so many boys are falling behind and not going to college.

Of course to some people stuck in there ignorant ways this wont matter and these comments alone prove that its not just the male gender who is sexist, I have always said that if you want to see if a female is sexist mention a “mens issue” (boy crisis, false rape, family court etc) to her and look at her reaction, well some of the “reactions” are very telling and at the same time disgusting and sad. Lets just hope they are mostly coming from feminists and not “normal” women…Im not crossing my fingers for that tho :(


April 30th, 2011
9:25 am


You can call that a quota and females are given them all the time (title IX forces gender quotas in college sports, which has in turn ruined mens sports programs). And hey if the govt was actually doing something about the boy crisis these quotas wouldnt be necessary but since mens issues dont matter the boy crisis is ignored.

Ole Guy

April 30th, 2011
4:09 pm

The story, in today’s AJC, of local students’ reactions to the devastation in Ringold speaks volumns on the impact of adversity upon one’s motivation to accel. Just as the sights, sounds, smells, and horrific experiences of war motivated earlier generations, many students, in the Ringold area, seem to have experienced life-changing events which have served as their individual catalysts of motivation. Some speak of the sobering loss of friends, while others recount the physical demands of cleanup as definite evidence that they do not aspire to working lives of manuel labor. The common thread of all this turmoil seems to be the very same thread which “tied up my guts”, as they did my contemporaries, and sent the very definite conclusion “There’s got to be a better life; maybe that better life is achievable only through education”.

Listen up, meatheads (guys), you don’t have to actually touch the hot stove, the shi_ y side of life, to realize that it’ll bite ya in the six if you’re not prepared. Even with the preparation of a good solid college education, you have to constantly guard against life’s potholes. Without that degree, life is almost guarandamnteed to swallow you up, spit you out, and leave you in the dust pile of mediocrity.

Worry and fret over the “HOWs” (how am I gonna fund a college education with limited-to-no HOPE scholarship), but ALWAYS keep the end game in focus. Stop pissing and moaning over the eminent demise of HOPE support…IT’S NOT THE END OF THE WORLD…unless you allow it.

You people should be busting down the collegiate doors of this Country, not setting yourselves up for dismal lives of mediocrity and failure. YOU, as the song went, ARE THE FUTURE. Hard times…? BS! Hard times, in one form or another, have been the common staple with which every single generation has had to wrestle. DON’T DROP THE BALL!