HEALTHY EATING: Nutrition goes beyond calories

By Carolyn O’Neil

You know the old adage: If you have to look at the price tag, you can’t afford it.
The same could be said about indulgent menu items with exorbitant calorie costs — that only those who need to lose weight should care about counting calories. But I don’t agree.

In this era of fiscal and physical responsibility, I believe everyone has the right to know the consequences (in cash or calories) before they make a consumer choice.

Given the concern about obesity in the United States and the realization that prevention is the most powerful approach, it makes sense for nutrition education to get more attention.

There’s a movement nationwide to require restaurants to list nutrition facts on the foods they serve; laws already have passed in some states and municipalities (notably California and New York City). And a provision in the health care reform bill passed by the U.S. House of Representatives requires chain restaurants to post calorie counts on their menus.

In the meantime, there’s no shortage of sources for this kind of information. So don’t blame the restaurants if you down a triple cheeseburger with bacon because you had no idea it contained more than 900 calories.

Finding information

Want to know how many calories and grams of fat that deep-fried onion appetizer or extra large banana-strawberry smoothie will set you back?

Most restaurant chains already include nutrition information on their Web sites.
On the go, you can access those sites from your Internet-connectable cellphone.

If you’re dining in a smaller, locally owned eatery or grabbing snacks at a convenience store, there’s a solution for that. Just input what’s on your plate in the search engine of your choice and you’ll find a slew of nutrition information sources. Some even provide insightful commentary to guide you to more healthful options. Being a diet detective has never been easier.

One of my favorite food Web sites for nutrition guidance is provided by Cooking Light magazine 
(www.cookinglight.com).

Beyond just calorie counts, Cooking Light’s editors give intelligent tips on how to use nutrition facts to help make diet decisions in everyday scenarios. For instance, how to choose between two foods in the same category.

As Cooking Light associate editor and registered dietitian Kathy Kitchens Downie details, it’s not always just the calories that count when you’re considering the most nutritious choice.

Wrappers

Take two tortillas. “A standard 6-inch corn tortilla contains about half the fat and calories and one-fourth the sodium of a similar-sized flour tortilla,” Downie said.

● Flour tortilla
99 calories
1 gram fiber
2.5 grams fat
204 milligrams sodium

● Corn tortilla
58 calories
1 gram fiber
1 gram fat
42 milligrams sodium

Ben Gray, bgray@ajc.com

Ben Gray, bgray@ajc.com

Legumes

Healthy, yes, but don’t think that bowl of edamame at the sushi place is calorie-free. “Soybeans contain almost twice the calories as green peas, due to their abundant heart-healthy fats,” Downie said. “But they also pack three times the protein and more potassium. Both have about the same amount of fiber per serving.”

● Edamame (green soybeans) (1/2 cup)
90 calories
5 grams fat (1 gram saturated)
9 grams protein
3.6 grams fiber
403 milligrams potassium

● English peas (1/2 cup)
59 calories
0.3 grams fat (0.1 gram saturated)
3.9 grams protein
3.7 grams fiber
177 milligrams potassium

PHIL SKINNER, pskinner@ajc.com

PHIL SKINNER, pskinner@ajc.com

Seafood

Seafood lovers can’t go wrong with either of these two choices, which are high in protein with relatively few calories and little fat.

However, Downie said, “a serving of shrimp yields about eight times as much iron [nearly one-fourth of a woman’s daily needs].”

● Shrimp (6 ounces)
180 calories
34.6 grams protein
2.9 grams fat
2 micrograms vitamin B-12
252 milligrams sodium
4.1 milligrams iron

● Scallops (6 ounces)
150 calories
28.5 grams protein
1.3 grams fat
2.6 micrograms vitamin B-12
274 milligrams sodium
0.5 milligrams iron

Sweet stuff

With similar calorie counts, sorbet and frozen yogurt are smart choices, especially when chosen in place of ice cream.

“Since it contains no dairy, sorbet is ideal for the lactose intolerant, but it lacks calcium and protein,” Downie pointed out. “A half-cup portion of nonfat frozen yogurt, made from dairy, provides four grams of protein and 15 percent of your daily calcium requirement.”

● Strawberry sorbet 
(1/2 cup)
121 calories
no calcium
no protein

● Strawberry nonfat frozen yogurt (1/2 cup)
117 calories
150 milligrams calcium
4 grams protein

Carolyn O’Neil is a registered dietitian and co-author of “The Dish on Eating Healthy and Being Fabulous!” E-mail her at carolyn@carolyn
oneil.com.

Become a fan of AJC Health Care on Facebook and follow ajchealthcare on Twitter for more health care news and health advice.

4 comments Add your comment

donald d

December 3rd, 2009
6:40 am

I have been using Fitday.com with very good results. I just enter the food I eat and it will keep track of the calories and my nutritional intake. I have lost 20 pounds, am much more educated on the foods I eat, and best of all…it’s free!!

TnGelding

December 3rd, 2009
8:04 am

Eat, drink and be merry! Improving our diets would go a long way toward reducing our health care costs. It’s amazing what bad food hospitals serve. Shouldn’t organic be the norm instead of the exception? Nutriion, nutrition, nutrition!

Celia

December 4th, 2009
4:49 pm

If you eat well you don’t need to worry about dieting, and good food is really tasty if you know how to prepare it. It’s also cheaper than prepared junk food.

Nice article!
http://www.foodhealer.com

Patricia Binkley-Childress

December 11th, 2009
9:50 am

There are different levels of commitment to change eating habits and most people eating the SAD (standard american diet) are not ready for the optimum level of eating for health, which includes organics, juicing, limiting meats, calorie intake, large amounts of organic vegetables and fruits and non processed foods. For most, the best place to start is by teaching the principals of calories in and calories out and once that concept is learned the next higher level of commitment can be addressed and made. Starting with small steps and educating along the way leads to greater success in the long run. For more information I suggest to your readers to consider purchasing my newly published book, Eden’s Way: The Garden’s Path to Wellness, that will help them discover what level they are ready to commit to, educate them with the facts they need to understand how to affect change, tools that will help them design a health eating and exercise plan specific to their goals, and valid measurements to help them gauge their success. The book can be purchased at Amazon.com, Barnes and Noble.com and from the publisher at my website http:///www.strategicpublishinggroup.com/title/EdensWay.html