4/29: Measuring graduation rates

By the AJC Editorial Board

Under a new, national measurement tool for graduation rates, Georgia’s numbers are shocking in the short-term — dropping from 81 percent to 67 percent — but they reinforce that we need to keep pushing.

There’s value in the 50 states measuring graduation rates using a common formula — a move that had been recommended by the National Governors Association. Doing so will help Georgians more accurately assess how we’re doing in comparison to other states.

Read the rest of what the AJC Editorial Board has to say, along with commentary by state school superintendent John Barge and former Atlanta mayor Shirley Franklin. Then tell us what you think.

17 comments Add your comment

JMH

April 27th, 2012
7:50 pm

middleground

April 27th, 2012
9:21 pm

Even when they graduate they still don’t know nothing of value. Georgia has screwed up all students when it comes to math. Its actually criminal in the way they destroyed childrens belief that they could suceed in math or even like it. Ga schools are terroists harming children for life run by people who only care for their double dipping retirement accounts. Teachers are victims also.

Mary Elizabeth

April 28th, 2012
1:00 am

“Education is one of the best investments we can make for the future success of our state and its citizens.”
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A 67% graduation rate is more consistent with what I had observed during my 35 years of teaching and educational leadership than a 81% graduation rate, so I believe that the 67% rate will be a more valid baseline upon which to assess yearly improvement.

Until teachers and educational leaders recognize that students in every grade level will have differing instructional level needs and address these variances, students will continue to drop out of school.

Common core standards are well to pursue ideally, but if they lead to mandating that all students in a given grade level achieve the same standards within the same time period, then they are unrealistic standards and they will actually create student failures, and even create high school drop-outs. I speak knowingly. See the factual information, below, which will confirm my assertion.

As a Reading Department Chair in a major suburban Atlanta area all-black high school, I had all incoming 9th grade students tested on the Nelson Reading Test for 13 years, from 1987 until 2000. Of the approximately 600 incoming 9th graders who were tested for each of those 13 years, approximately half, or 300 students, were reading on 6th grade level or below. The range of reading scores, each year, for those 600 incoming 9th grade students, was from 3rd grade level to grade level 16 (senior in college level).

For educators to believe that a 9th grade student who reads on a 4th grade level can achieve the same Common Core Standards, in the same number of months, as a 9th grade student who reads on a 12th grade level is folly. If we put our heads in the sand, as educators, and refuse to see this basic instructional truth, we will continue to create an untenable instructional situation in schools throughout Georgia, in which students will continue to drop out of school because of instructional frustraion – which educators, themselves, will have unknowingly created.

I will keep writing this basic instructional truth until someone high in educational influence is willing to see the importance of having teachers teach students where they are functioning, and will act upon that knowledge.

Not Blind

April 28th, 2012
9:39 am

Until you break down and analyze graduation rates by race you will not have any idea where the real problems are.

Grob Hahn

April 28th, 2012
9:57 am

So what good is graduating when the only college that will take you is “Eraser U”? Students who graduate from Georgia schools get a serious shock when they attempt to enter the job market. All that social promotion leads to extreme frustration and a tendency to blame everyone BUT the schools. Also, we KNOW who the greatest number of dropouts are, why gloss over it? If we don’t admit the problem, will it magically solve itself? Or are we doomed to endure the lies of political correctness for decades to come?
Grobbbbbbbbbbbbbb

Thomas

April 28th, 2012
10:19 am

I grew up in a community, most would call a barrio, a half a century ago. You would think given the poverty and the prejudice it faced the drop out rate would have been high. Not so. Just for kicks I checked out how it is doing today, the drop out rate is only between 7 to 8 %.

This community really hasn’t changed its attitude. Education is highly regarded. And, most importantly no one is allowed to drop out. They will rag you to death to get you back to class. If you get in trouble you aren’t ever sent home (suspended). You get special duties; you have to clean-up the school, help the librarian, the coach, etc. They never give up on anyone. Pride of this kind makes all the difference. Instill it.

Mary Elizabeth

April 28th, 2012
11:02 am

The point is not to cast asperions on others, and certainly not to do so by race. The point is to help. Poverty is still the driving factor that creates discrepancies in literacy levels, which effect drop out rates. Poverty is present in all races and in all ethnic groups.

In addition, many schools in Georgia continued to be segregated by race until the early 1970s. In the 1800s, laws were passed, forbidding slaves from learning to read. Whites were forbidden from teaching slaves to read. We must not forget how historical forces have effected the present. We must be sensitive to the generational effect of slavery, and we must care to help others. “Education,” according to U.S. Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan, “is the civil rights issue of today.”

One way to help others is to volunteer your time in a public school, and help a child to read better than he or she could previously read. Teachers will show you how to do this, and they will appreciate your effort and your commitment to students. Students will grow to care for you and trust you. Volunteer help is needed in high schools, as much as in elementary and middle schools, as I had described in my earlier post. You may even keep a student from dropping out of school through working with a student, individually. Please, consider this, to anyone who reads this post.

Not Blind

April 28th, 2012
12:52 pm

The problem is at home, not at the school. Mary E is an example of the brainwashing that public school systems call education. The stats show the problem but due to political correctness it can’t be discussed as it needs to be.

Not Blind

April 28th, 2012
1:07 pm

Below is a link to a good article with some usable numbers. Reading is the only category you can really extrapolate numbers from. Lumping all US students together results in a 17th place ranking. White US kids would rank 7th [ 40% are proficient at reading which is still an abysmal number, but what R U 2 do ? ].

progressive.org/education_racial_inequality.html

Mary Elizabeth

April 28th, 2012
2:07 pm

Not Blind: “The problem is at home, not at the school. Mary E is an example of the brainwashing that public school systems call education.”
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Not Blind, do you want simply to cast blame or do you want to help?

I wanted to help and that is why, besides teaching my students, I not only gave of my time to train other teachers in reading techniques that would help their students, but I also gave of my time and effort, in the evenings, to lead workshops for parents (who appreciated my efforts) in reading techniques so that parents, too, could help their children, at home, to become better readers.

It is easy to criticize others. It is better to find ways to lift others. That way, everyone wins.

Not Blind

April 28th, 2012
2:53 pm

The national debate does not address the real issues. IMO, in the big picture there is nothing constructive that teachers can do in the classroom to address the issue of endemic subpar minority performance. This is coming from a classic scholastic underacheiver who did as little as he could and still get a diploma.

Some way has to be found to connect classroom performance with future paychecks. Of course, with our current economic and corporate [ H1B visas, outsourcing jobs, etc ] climate and our country’s love of imported [ legal or otherwise ] cheap labor I can see how it would be hard to instill in American youth a sense that studying hard reaps rewards.

Mary Elizabeth

April 28th, 2012
3:13 pm

Not Blind: “IMO, in the big picture there is nothing constructive that teachers can do in the classroom to address the issue of endemic subpar minority performance.”
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Having taught in the classroom for 35 years, half of which time I served students within a minority high school, I must disagree with Not Blind’s assessment. Most of the minority students in my elective college-preparatory reading classes, for college-bound students, improved their SAT scores, significantly, and they were as motivated to achieve as students I had taught from other racial and ethnic groups. Most of my students were very motivated to achieve.

The students who are unmotivated to achieve, whatever their racial and ethnic group, have often not been assessed correctly as to their individual functioning levels and are, therefore, being taught incorrectly on a frustration level. See my 1:00 am post, 4/28/12, for greater detail.

eddy

April 28th, 2012
4:33 pm

Graduation rates are one measurement. I guess those who rely upon these rates assume that the students are actually educated in at least the basics…..reading, writing (which includes grammar and punctuation, being able conjugate and use verbs correctly in sentences) and arithmetic…addition, subtraction, multiplication, division (geometry, algebra, trigonometry should be there as well). I submit that a significant % of students who are given a high school diploma are functionally illiterate but are just moved along for fear that their self-esteem will be damaged in some way.

Mary E says that poverty is the reason for such abysmal numbers within the black students. I say that poverty plays a role but the larger role is that the nuclear black family (mother AND father married, living in the same house, working, etc.) has become almost extinct within the inner city. Generations of young girls having babies when they are but teenagers themselves. Being poor doesn’t mean that one doesn’t know right from wrong. It is accepted to have numerous children out of wedlock by different men. Welfare is generational and perpetuates itself through bad behavior, lack of guidance and little to no focus on education.

Mary E…I know that there are exceptions to all rules but I am referring to the black majority in the inner city. There is little to no ownership within the black community for the systemic problems. “It is whitey’s fault” is the rallying cry in spite of the hundreds of millions of dollars spent trying to alleviate the problems. Education is one way out of the inner city, out of poverty but it seems that this message is drowned out culturally.

Just as APS tried to “fix” the problems by cheating (erasing incorrect answers), those teachers and administrators had little to no interest in educating the kids. They were just interested in looking good when the results were totaled and getting some bonus money.

By all means, let’s address the graduation rates but the graduation rates of all students by doing the hard work of educating them, letting them repeat grades, letting them receive remedial help, etc. Graduation rates are meaningless unless those graduating are trully educated.

Eric

April 29th, 2012
8:37 am

“Doing so will help Georgians more accurately assess how we’re doing in comparison to other states.”

What is the point of comparing Georgia to other states? This sounds a lot like standardized testing, where students are compared to a norm. Just as no student is the same, no state is the same. Each as it’s own issues for different reasons. A better benchmark is to work from within to bring up graduate rates and look at our own progress from year-to-year. What the other states do is their business and trying to keep up with them is an artificial benchmark leading to needless anxiety.

Eric

April 29th, 2012
8:42 am

@Eddy, sorry, but I think the examples you cite are only a small percentage of the student population. The majority of students are receiving a great education and are doing very well. It’s all the bogus negativity floating around about how our students are falling behind and how bad our schools are. I don’t buy it.

jacksmum

April 29th, 2012
11:07 am

I live in a small community where the have’s and have-not’s are very clearly delineated. The number two differences in this community are effort and motivation. The majority of my neighbors are self-made success stories. They worked hard, borrowed for college (and advanced degrees), lived within their means and made something of themselves. Their children make good grades, or if they don’t the parents are involved with safety net programs (both provided by the school and paid for by the parents). These kids are involved in extra curricular activities and the parents participate. They are raising children to have good work ethics and value success. In other words good choices make them successful.
On the flip side, I go to the school and see very young, uneducated parents who don’t seem to care about their children. Maybe it is because they are so young, but the children are treated more like a bother than a boon. These people are often out of work, on disability or simply on the dole permanently. Bad grades are either tolerated or “the teacher’s fault”.
It is sad to live in a community where it is so apparent why people do not succeed. If we could stop studying skin color, socioeconomic backgrounds and other “not my fault” reasons and study effort and motivation, maybe more of our “have-not’s” would learn how to become successful.

Mary Elizabeth

April 29th, 2012
5:23 pm

eddy, @4:33 pm 4/28/12

“Mary E says that poverty is the reason for such abysmal numbers within the black students. I say that poverty plays a role but the larger role is that the nuclear black family (mother AND father married, living in the same house, working, etc.) has become almost extinct within the inner city. Generations of young girls having babies when they are but teenagers themselves. Being poor doesn’t mean that one doesn’t know right from wrong. It is accepted to have numerous children out of wedlock by different men. Welfare is generational and perpetuates itself through bad behavior, lack of guidance and little to no focus on education.”
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Eddy, your words have weighed heavily upon me since you wrote them yesterday. As an educator, especially, I feel that I must write a few words in response, though I at first resisted doing so, not only for you, but for others who may read this forum – as well as pose a few questions.

The most impacting statement that you wrote, to me, was that, ‘being poor doesn’t mean that one doesn’t know right from wrong.” I am writing to try to help some place themselves in others’ shoes and to help some to weigh their thoughts, against a historical landscape and with historical perspective.

Did you know your maternal and paternal grandparents? Were they married partners who raised children together? And what about their parents – your eight great-grandparents? Were they, also, all married partners who raised their children together? If your family was like my family, and the families of many other white, Southern people, they had a history of married partners, going back for generations.

Now look at how the black people, of our same time and place, may have had family histories that probably were quite different. During the days prior to the Civil War in the South, slaves were property and, even if two slaves considered themselves husband and wife with their own children, they were owned by others. That meant that husband and wife slaves, and even their children, were often split up when they were sold to others for profit. Moreover, many plantation owners impregnated their female slaves who gave birth to the plantation owner’s child slaves, which meant more profit for the owner, by his having even more slaves. The living quarters, in which most slaves lived on plantations, did not allow for small homes for family units; instead, slaves were housed, altogether, in very small quarters, in which even intimacies shared would be known by the group because of how they were housed. This was inhumane and injust treatment because of the inhumanity of slavery, itself. Don’t you think that those slave owners should have known “right from wrong”? And, don’t you think that their “wrongs,” done in their day, might have perpetuated dysfunction and ill fortune in the future lives of their slaves’ children and their children’s children, even to this day? I do.

Fast forward a little in history. After slavery was abolished, Jim Crow laws were established in the South so that black people, who had first been elected representatives to state houses of legislation immediately after the Civil War, could no longer vote and certainly not hold elective office. I remember, firsthand, the Jim Crow Era in the South with the segregated water fountains, movie houses, schools, restaurants, shops, and so many other ways of segregating the races. Black men did not have the same job opportunities as white men (nor the same educational opportunities, since they were, by law, not able to learn to read during the days of slavery). Black men did not even have the same job opportunities as black women in the South, who often were hired as domestic workers in the homes of white, middle and upper class people of my youth (See the movie, “The Help.”) Many black men were lynched after the turn of the last century. For all of the reasons that I have described, and more, the nuclear black family was more difficult to sustain than the nuclear white family. Also, many black men left the South because the oppression of racism was so prevalent against them. (My father even suffered the ramifications, as a white city manager of a south Georgia town in the 1950s during Jim Crow, of promoting the first black man to a supervisory position in the city’s government simply because, in my father’s estimation, the black man was the most qualified person for the position, and he deserved it.)

With that kind of history, how many of the present day young black women, whom you describe, have had parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents who have had stable jobs, and a stable husband and wife family unit, upon which to model your idea of “right” and “wrong”? Many may not have had the same backgrounds that you and I have experienced. The overwhelming “wrongs” in America have been the perpetuation of slavery, illiteracy of black people enforced by law during the 1800s, segregation, Jim Crow in the South until the early 1970s. And, now, many further add to those past “wrongs” by blaming the victims of those terrible historical injustices.

I believe in personal responsibility, and I spent my professional life trying to lift the lives of those who have not been given the same opportunities in society that I had been given. The students, and their families, whom I have worked with, over the decades, knew what I was about, in their behalf, and they appreciated my efforts. I believe that they knew that I cared deeply for them, and most of them cared for me in return, as a result.

As I had posted, previously, most of the students I taught were very motivated to improve their lives, and my belief in them did as much for them as the skills I taught them. I remain proud of a black student who graduated from Harvard University and earned a Ph.D in chemical engineering. He should be about 45 years old, now. The last I had heard about him, he was getting married to a young woman as outstanding as he is. I imagine he is now a model husband and father. His mother was a teacher in my school and his father was a professional, also. He, like myself, was fortunate to have been raised in a two-parent family unit, and he was not raised in poverty.

Not all of society’s children (from one generation to the next) are so fortunate or blessed as that young man. When we see the effects of slavery, racism, and poverty we should not cast blame, we should try to help to alleviate as many of the leftover problems of those evils as we can.

I started my teaching career in a south Georgia school in which I taught white orphan boys from a local Sheriff’s Boys Ranch. The effects of poverty, and of being on the lower class level of society had, also, had devastating effects in their lives. I did not judge those boys, or the fact that they appeared “unmotivated” by what their backgrounds had reaped upon them. I, also, tried to give them a caring “hand up” so that they, too, could become productive citizens within society and so that they, too, might have happy personal lives. It is always better to help, than to cast blame. “Judge not.”

We are in agreement that education is a vital key in correcting the problems of today, especially within the populations of the inner cities’ poor. Education is the new Civil Rights issue of today, according to Arne Duncan.